2) Shepherds or wise men?


Luke has shepherds at the manger, no Wise men present.
Matthew has no shepherds, and has wise men visiting a house in Bethlehem. The wise men go in the House to give their gifts to Jesus. There is no stable or manger. Should we go by Matt.,which was written earlier than Luke? Both can’t be true.

The truth is….

Both are true because both happened in different times.

  1. The shepherds came to newborn Jesus in the same days when Jesus born.

    For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. (Luke 2: 11)

    This verse implies that human Jesus was still newborn when the shepherds came to him.

  2. The wise men came to child Jesus several weeks or months later. Time range of their arrival was between 2 weeks to 12 months after delivery.

    And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child (παιδιον ‘paidion’) with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh. (Matthew 2: 11)

    παιδίον ‘paidion’1 refers to young child or infant, but not newborn (βρέφος ‘brefos’)2

From their information, we know that Mary family did not dwell in the cave forever. Instead, they moved to a normal house once the opportunity came to them. Matthew and Luke provide different information, which are complementary to each other.


  1. The wise men came to Jesus in 2 weeks up to 12 months after the shepherd.
  2. Matthew 2: 11 does not contradict Luke 2: 11.
  3. Disinformation technique: ignoring time setting of the Christmas story.


1http://www.studylight.org/lexicons/greek/gwview.cgi?n=3813 ; access 5/8/2015 23:17
2http://www.studylight.org/lexicons/greek/gwview.cgi?n=1025 ; access 5/8/2015 23:15


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