Leo 1 (360-461) fought against birth-of-the-sun festival

Disinformation

Leo 1 (390-461)’s Sermon showed, Christmas originated in Rome pagan festival.

The truth

In fact, his Christmas sermon showed, Christmas does not originated in Rome pagan festival, because the sermon oppose and refute against the Solis festival. Here is his sermon.

IV. The Foolish Practice of Some Who Turn to the Sun and Bow to It is Reprehensible
From such a system of teaching proceeds also the ungodly practice of certain foolish folk who worship the sun as it rises at the beginning of daylight from elevated positions: even some Christians think it is so proper to do this that, before entering the blessed Apostle Peter’s basilica, which is dedicated to the One Living and true God, when they have mounted the steps which lead to the raised platform, they turn round and bow themselves towards the rising sun and with bent neck do homage to its brilliant orb. We are full of grief and vexation that this should happen, which is partly due to the fault of ignorance and partly to the spirit of heathenism: because although some of them do perhaps worship the Creator of that fair light rather than the Light itself, which is His creature, yet we must abstain even flora the appearance of this observance: for if one who has abandoned the worship of gods, finds it in our own worship, will he not hark back again to this fragment of his old superstition, as if it were allowable, when he sees it to be common both to Christians and to infidels?

V. The Sun and Moon Were Created for Use, Not for Worship
This objectionable practice must be given up therefore by the faithful, and the honour due to God alone must not be mixed up with those men’s rites who serve their fellow-creatures. For the divine Scripture says: “Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and Him only shalt thou serve.” Anti the blessed Job, “a man without complaint,” as the Lord says, “and one that eschews every evil,” said, “Have I seen the sun when it shone or the moon walking brightly, and my heart hath rejoiced in secret, and I have kissed my hand: what is my great iniquity and denial against the most High God?” But what is the sun or what is the moon but elements of visible creation and material light: one of which is of greater brightness and the other of lesser light? For as it is now day time and now night time, so the Creator has constituted divers kinds of luminaries, although even before they were made there had been days without the sun and nights without the moon. But these were fashioned to serve in making man, that he who is an animal endowed with reason might be sure of the distinction of the months, the recurrence of the year, and the variety of the seasons, since through the unequal length of the various periods, and the clear indications given by the changes in its risings, the sun doses the year and the moon renews the months. For on the fourth day, as we read, God said: “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven, and let them shine upon the earth, and let them divide between day and night, and let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, and let them be in the firmament of heaven that they may shine upon earth.”1

He conveyed this sermon in December 25. It means, he prepared and arranged the sermon before December 25. Consequently, the story he told in the sermon had happened before December 25.

Chronology:

  1. December ???  ➡ Leo I saw the phenomenon.
  2. December ??? – 24  ➡ He prepared and arranged the sermon including the phenomenon and refuting againt it.
  3. December 25 ➡ He presented the sermon.

When did the phenomenon happen?

Evidence shows, Winter Solstice in 5 AD century fell on December 19/20. In the time of Winter Solstice, birth-of-the-sun observance or Solis observance was held. Then, the phenomenon told in the sermon had took place on December 19/ 20, 5 AD century.

Chronology:

  1. December 19/20  ➡ Leo I saw the phenomenon.
  2. December 20 – 24  ➡ He prepared and arranged the sermon including the phenomenon and refuting againt it.
  3. December 25 ➡ He presented the sermon.

This sermon is evidence that there were 2 festivals, ie, Winter Solstice festival (December 19/20) tinjuand Christmas festival (December 25) and those festivals were in the opposite position.

Conclusion

  1. Winter Solstice in 5 AD century fell on December 19/ 20, never December 25. Here is birth-of-the-sun festival was held.
  2. Christmas in 5 AD Century was held on December 25.
  3. There were 2 festivals, ie, Winter Solstice festival (December 19/20) and Christmas festival (December 25)
  4. Those festivals were in the face-to-face position, confronting each other, as the evidence implied.
  5. Christmas did not originate in pagan festival.

Bibliography

1http://www.ancient-future.net/leosermonxxvii.html; access 5/7/2015 13:24

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