When did Mary visit Elizabeth?
March 30, 5 BC Julian Calendar.
Gabriel visited Mary on March 25, 5 BC.
And Mary arose in those days, and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda; (Luke 1: 39)
Luke used word “days”, neither “week(s)” nor “month(s)”. This implied that Mary left Nazareth, traveled, and arrived at Hebron, Elisabeth home less than 1 week (< 7 days). Thus, Mary arrived at Elizabeth home on, at most, March 30, 5 BC.
- March 25
- March 26
- March 27
- March 28
- March 29
- March 30
Other consideration includes:
- Mary needed to make a preparation for the long journey. So, she departed on the next day (March 26).
- Distance from Nazareth to Hebron is 187 km with estimated travel time 39-43 hours on foot. Assuming there is similarity between ancient modern routes, Mary took similar distance.1
- She went through dangerous journey (robber, beast, etc), indicating she went in a group and only walked in daylight.
- She took rests along journey. She needed eating, praying, taking a bath, etc.
Considering factors above, she possibly walked about 9 hours a day and arrived at Hebron on March 30, 5 BC.
|Time in Julian Calendar||Event||Ref|
|30th of March 5 BC||Mary arrived at Elizabeth house.||Luke 1: 39|
|A day between 1st and 24th of December 5 BC||Joseph and Mary, which have been married, arrived at Bethlehem.||See “Were Joseph and Mary married or engaged when they arrived at Betlehem?“|
|25th of December 5 BC||Jesus was born in a cave in outer skirt of Bethlehem.||See “Train of Thought about Christmas December 25“|
|A day between 26th and 30th of December 5 BCE||Joseph, Mary, and Jesus moved to a house in Bethlehem City.||Matthew 2: 11|
|31st of December 4 BC||Preparation for Jesus circumcision (religious and social event) in Bethlehem.||Considering social setting of Luke 2: 21|
|1st of January 4 BC||Jesus circumcision in Bethlehem||Luke 2: 21|
|6/7th of January 4 BC||The wise men arrived at Bethlehem.||See “When did the wise men come to Jesus“|
|2nd of February 4 BC||Purification of Mary in Jerusalem||Luke 2: 22|
|February 4 BC||Matthew 2:13-15|
|February – April 4 BC||Dwelt in Egypt||Matthew 2:13-15|
|April 4 BC||Luke 2:39; Matthew 2: 15, 19-23|
1https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Nazareth,+Israel/Hebronfirstname.lastname@example.org,34.5507591,9z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m14!4m13!1m5!1m1!1s0x151c4e7cf16c0fff:0xd2385b30c1275dd6!2m2!1d35.303546!2d32.699635!1m5!1m1!1s0x1502e427ecc463fb:0xbe464d5c6a2f134c!2m2!1d35.099826!2d31.532569!3e2?hl=en ; access June 16, 2015.