Category Archives: H) Gabriel & Joseph

2) When did Joseph know that Mary was pregnant?

Question

When did Joseph know that Mary was pregnant?

Answer

Mary visited Elizabeth after Gabriel visit and abode with her three months. This implies that Joseph had not known Mary pregnancy before her return. Mary was about three months pregnant (Luke 1: 56), when she came home in the first week of July 5 BC Julian Calender.

And Mary abode with her about three months, and returned to her own house. (Luke 1: 56)

This implies that Joseph met Mary at her three months gestation in about mid-July 5 BC, assuming they immediately met after about 3 months of no contact.

Chronology

Time in Julian Calendar Event Ref
30th of March 5 BC Mary arrived at Elizabeth’s home. Luke 1: 39
30th of June 5 BC Mary left Elizabeth’s home. Luke 1: 56
First week of July 5 BC Mary arrived at her home in Nazareth. Calculation
About mid-July 5 BC Joseph met Mary at her three months gestation Luke 1: 56, assuming Joseph immediately met her lover after about 3 months of no contact.
A day between 1st and 24th of December 5 BC Joseph and Mary, which have been married, arrived at Bethlehem.  SeeWere Joseph and Mary married or engaged when they arrived at Betlehem?
25th of December 5 BC Jesus was born in a cave in outer skirt of Bethlehem. SeeTrain of Thought about Christmas December 25
A day between 26th and 30th of December 5 BCE Joseph, Mary, and Jesus moved to a house in Bethlehem City. Matthew 2: 11
31st of December 4 BC Preparation for Jesus circumcision (religious and social event) in Bethlehem. Considering social setting of Luke 2: 21
1st of January 4 BC Jesus circumcision in Bethlehem Luke 2: 21
6/7th of January 4 BC The wise men arrived at Bethlehem. SeeWhen did the wise men come to Jesus
2nd of February 4 BC Purification of Mary in Jerusalem Luke 2: 22
February 4 BC Matthew 2:13-15
February – April 4 BC Dwelt in Egypt Matthew 2:13-15
April 4 BC Luke 2:39; Matthew 2: 15, 19-23

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3) Why did Joseph consider to leave Mary?

Question

Why did Joseph consider to leave Mary?

Answer

 

When he met Mary at her return from Elizabeth, Mary was found by him with a child of the Holy Spirit.

Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 1: 18)

After 3 months of no contact, Joseph finally met his fiancee and then he looked at her big womb. “Are you pregnant?” Mary, then, told him that she was with a foetus from Holy Spirit. Joseph found her with a child of the Holy Spirit.

Did Joseph believe her story?

If Joseph were believe, the angel would not need to relieve his fear and confirm her story. In fact, Matthew recounted that an angel came to him to relieve his fear and to confirm that the foetus, which was conceived in her, was of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 1: 20).

But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 1: 20)

Confirmation from an angel implied that he doubted her story. His doubt led to  2 options:

  1. leave her privily
  2. report her to court, resulting death penalty to Mary (by stoning) and make her as public example.

Joseph was considering first option, when an angel came to him and told him to be not afraid to take Mary as his wife, because her foetus was of Holy Spirit. Confirmation from the angel vanished his doubt and, then, he took her as his wife.

Reason for his consideration to leave Mary was his fear and doubt regarding foetus in her womb.


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4) When did an angel visit Joseph?

Question

When did an angel visit Joseph?

Answer

God sent an angel to Joseph when he considered to put her away.

Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily.
But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 1: 19-20)

The reason for his consideration was the son, which was conceived in Mary. Then, this event happened after Joseph knew her pregnancy.

Mary returned home in the first week of July 5 BC Julian Calendar.  They met in about second week of July 5 BC. Then, an angel visited Joseph in about third week of July 5 BC.

Chronology

Time in Julian Calendar Event Ref
30th of March 5 BC Mary arrived at Elizabeth’s home. Luke 1: 39
30th of June 5 BC Mary left Elizabeth’s home. Luke 1: 56
First week of July 5 BC Mary arrived at her home in Nazareth. Calculation
About second week of July 5 BC Joseph met Mary at her three months gestation Luke 1: 56, assuming Joseph immediately met her lover after about 3 months of no contact.
About third week of July 5 BC An angel visited Joseph. Matthew 1: 19-20
A day between 1st and 24th of December 5 BC Joseph and Mary, which have been married, arrived at Bethlehem.  SeeWere Joseph and Mary married or engaged when they arrived at Betlehem?
25th of December 5 BC Jesus was born in a cave in outer skirt of Bethlehem. SeeTrain of Thought about Christmas December 25
A day between 26th and 30th of December 5 BCE Joseph, Mary, and Jesus moved to a house in Bethlehem City. Matthew 2: 11
31st of December 4 BC Preparation for Jesus circumcision (religious and social event) in Bethlehem. Considering social setting of Luke 2: 21
1st of January 4 BC Jesus circumcision in Bethlehem Luke 2: 21
6/7th of January 4 BC The wise men arrived at Bethlehem. SeeWhen did the wise men come to Jesus
2nd of February 4 BC Purification of Mary in Jerusalem Luke 2: 22
February 4 BC Matthew 2:13-15
February – April 4 BC Dwelt in Egypt Matthew 2:13-15
April 4 BC Luke 2:39; Matthew 2: 15, 19-23

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5) What is original name of Jesus from Gabriel?

Question

What is original name of Jesus from Gabriel?

Answer

His original Hebrew name is יְהוֹשֻׁעַ (read: Yehoshua, Yoshua) and, its contruction form, ישוע (read: Yeshua). His daily name in Aramaic language is ישוע (read: Yeshue). This name was hellenized to Ιεσους (read “Iesuus”) because Jesus live in Hellenistic world, so he also spoke and was called in Greek in daily basis. Ιεσους (read “Iesuus”) was, then, anglicized to “Jesus” and arabicized to “Isa”.


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6) Did Mary really ride a donkey from Nazareth to Bethlehem?

Question

Did Mary really ride a donkey from Nazareth to Bethlehem?

Answer

She was likely riding a donkey-dragged wooden cart.

Discussion

Joseph could not afford a sacrificial lamb, implying, he also could not afford expensive transports, such as horse, ox, camel, and dromedary. The most common and cheapest transport animal among commoners in his time was ass or donkey. From this social setting only, you got an image that Mary rode a donkey.

However, we need consider Joseph profession as a carpenter.

Is not this the carpenter’s son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? (Matthew 13: 55)

As a carpenter, he had ability in making a wooden cart, which he used to transport raw woods or trees from forest or market(s) to his workshop and his final wooden products from his workshop to market(s) or to his customers.  Big wooden products, such as cupboards, doors, tables, etc. needed a cart to be transported.

Combining social setting and Joseph profession, we got an image of donkey-dragged wooden cart.

Mary possibly rode his donkey-dragged cart to go from Nazareth to Bethlehem and, then, to Egypt.

Another reason for this picture: there was a greater risk of miscarriage for pregnant woman walking on foot or riding on donkey back from Nazareth to Bethlehem for 4-7 days. Riding a donkey-dragged wooden cart with soft pad (hays, clothes, pillows, etc) on it was more secure to her and her fetus.

This vehicle would be useful in their fled to Egypt.


Bibliography

1http://www.spiritualjourneys.org.uk/pdf/cwtravel.pdf; access May 31, 2015

2http://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/hbd/view.cgi?n=340; access May 31, 2015

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7) Were Joseph and Mary married or engaged when they arrived at Betlehem?

Pseudo-contradiction

Were Joseph and Mary married or engaged when they arrived at Bethlehem?

  1. Engaged (Luke 2: 5)

    in order to register along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child. (Luke 2: 5)

  2. Married (Matthew 1: 24-25)

    Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS. (Matthew 1: 24-25)

Which one is correct? Matthew or Luke?

The truth….

Both are true. Both Luke 2: 5 and Matthew 1: 24-25 recount that Joseph and Marry are husband and wife. Here is the explanation.

Discussion

A clause “who was engaged to him” in translated Luke 2: 5 above was translated from τη μεμνηστευμενη αυτω γυναικι ‘tê memnêsteumenê autô gunaiki’.

The key is μεμνηστευμενη ‘memnêsteumenê’, which is in perfect tense, signifying the engagement has perfectly completed to the end of engagement, i.e., marriage. Maka, μεμνηστευμενη ‘memnêsteumenê’ berarti “yang telah tuntas ditunang”. This perfect tense also indicates that Joseph-Mary engagement did not break in the middle. Then, μεμνηστευμενη ‘memnêsteumenê’ means “who had completely engaged to him”

Hence, γυναικι in this context means “a wife”, instead of “fiancee”.

Thus, translation of Luke 2: 5 is as follow:

in order to register along with Mary, his wife, who had completely engaged to him, and was with child. (Luke 2: 5)

To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child. (Luke 2: 5)

 

Conclusion

  1. Both Luke 2: 5 and Matthew 1: 24-25 recounts that Joseph and Mary have been already married when they arrived at Bethlehem.
  2. Manufacturing technique for pseudo-contradiction:
    • Translation hole exploitation.
Time in Julian Calendar Event Ref
A day between 1st and 24th of December 5 BC Joseph and Mary, which have been married, arrived at Bethlehem.  SeeWere Joseph and Mary married or engaged when they arrived at Betlehem?
25th of December 5 BC Jesus was born in a cave in outer skirt of Bethlehem. SeeTrain of Thought about Christmas December 25
A day between 26th and 30th of December 5 BCE Joseph, Mary, and Jesus moved to a house in Bethlehem City. Matthew 2: 11
31st of December 4 BC Preparation for Jesus circumcision (religious and social event) in Bethlehem. Considering social setting of Luke 2: 21
1st of January 4 BC Jesus circumcision in Bethlehem Luke 2: 21
6/7th of January 4 BC The wise men arrived at Bethlehem. SeeWhen did the wise men come to Jesus
2nd of February 4 BC Purification of Mary in Jerusalem Luke 2: 22
February 4 BC Matthew 2:13-15
February – April 4 BC Dwelt in Egypt Matthew 2:13-15
April 4 BC Luke 2:39; Matthew 2: 15, 19-23


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