Category Archives: I) Mary gave birth to Jesus

1) What is the fourth verse indicating Jesus’ birth of date? When did Mary give birth to Jesus?

Question

What is the fourth verse indicating Jesus’ birth of date? When did Mary give birth to Jesus?

Answer

Luke 2: 6.

εγενετο δε εν τω ειναι αυτους εκει επλησθησαν αι ημεραι του τεκειν αυτην

 egeneto de en tō inai autūs ekī eplēsthēsan ai hēmerai tū tekīn autēn

And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. (Luke 2:6)

αι ημεραι ‘ai hēmerai’ means the day, while επλησθησαν ‘eplēsthēsan’ is pasive aorist form of πληθω ‘plēthō’ meaning “to fill, to be fulfilled, to be filled”.

Lema plethoo dalam leksikon Greed IPD

Thus, επλησθησαν ‘eplēsthēsan’ means: have fulfilled, have accomplished, accomplished. Phrase επλησθησαν αι ημεραι ‘eplēsthēsan ai hēmerai’ means the days of gestation were accomplished that Mary should be delivered. This indicates that Mary gave birth to Jesus at term, neither premature nor postmature.

Applying definition of “at term” by modern medical science,  Jesus’ date of birth ranges from December 9-29, 5 SM Julian Calendar, counting from March 25, the beginning of Mary’s pregnancy.

Slightly different from modern medical science,ancient Hebrew tradition defined “at term” as 9 months of gestation. Later, the tradition was recorded by Maimonides in 12 AD century in his book.

If one knows for sure that a baby born after nine months even, then, even if the baby was stillborn, we mourned. (Availut 1:7)

Older record about how to calculate Jesus’ date of birth is found in the Apostolic Constitution Book V Chapter III. The apostolic constitution is a collection of earlier canons, at least a portion of which probably date from the Apostles.

Brethren, observe the festival days; and first of all the birthday which you are to celebrate on the twenty-fifth of the ninth month (Apostolic constitution, Book V, Chapter III)1

This record came from 70 AD, or 3 centuries before Constantine and Nicene Council 1. Ninth month in the Apostolic Council is calculated from the date of Mary getting pregnant.

March 25th + 9 months = December 25th

Compare calculation result from modern medical science and ancient Hebrew tradition.

Approach Calculation result
Modern medical science December 9th-29th
Ancient Hebrew Tradition December 25th

 

Calculation comparison by old and modern approaches.

Aftar all, compare the old records to Constantine and Nicene Council 1 era.

Old records Before Contantine and Nicene Council  1 (BCN1)
Apostolic Constitution (70 AD) 3 centuries BCN1
Theophilos,Caesarean bishop (115-181 AD) 2 centuries BCN1
Hyppolitus (225 AD) 1 centuries BCN1

Conclusion

Jesus Christ was really born on December 25, 5 AD Julian Calendar or 25th of Tevet 3757 Hebrew Calendar. Here it is Christmas.

 

Bibliography

1 http://st-takla.org/books/en/ecf/007/0070451.html; February 2nd, 2015

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2) Did Bethlehem temperature on December 25 by night allow infant Jesus to survive?

Question

Did Bethlehem temperature in December 25 by night allow infant Jesus to survive?

Answer

Yes.

Average Bethlehem temperature on 25 Desember by night ranged 6-14° C. Night temperature was about 6° C in the open air. But, infant Jesus, Mary, and Joseph dwelt within a cave, not in the open air. Temperate in the cave was warmer than in the open air.

According to Justin Martyr living in 100-165 AD, the cave 1 was close to village Bethlehem.

But when the Child was born in Bethlehem, since Joseph could not find a lodging in that village, he took up his quarters in a certain cave near the village; and while they were there Mary brought forth the Christ and placed Him in a manger, and here the Magi who came from Arabia found Him.2

In 327 AD, Church of the Nativity was established over the cave as a monument to signify the sacred place.

Lokasi Isa Al-Masih lahir ditandai dengan bintang. Lokasi ini diteruskan dari generasi ke generasi secara tradisional selama sekitar 2.000 tahun.
A star signifies the spot of Jesus birth in the Church of the Nativity.3 This spot was traditionally inherited from generation to generation for around 2,000 years.

Infant Jesus was laid in stone manger   which was of course covered with soft and warm pads (possibly, hays or straws), and the manger was put within the cave. The wall resisted cold outside air.

Artifak palungan batu ini ditemukan dalam ekskavasi arkeologi di Megiddo, diperkirakan berasal dari abad 9 SM. Palungan biasanya diisi air atau rumput untuk ternak domba, unta, sapi, dsj. Menimbang latar belakang sosial-budaya, maka palungan semacam inilah yang digunakan untuk menaruh bayi Isa Al-Masih (Yesus Kristus) usai dilahirkan (Lukas 2: 7, 12, 16). Dalam interpretasi simbolik, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa Isa Al-Masih bukan hanya diperuntukkan bagi golongan yang disimbolkan dengan "domba", tapi juga yang disimbolkan oleh Alkitab dengan simbol "onta", "keledai", "kuda", "kambing", dan "lembu".
Stone manger artifact found in archaeological excavation site in Megiddo was estimated from 9 BC century. The manger was usually filled with water or feed (hays, grasses, straws) for sheeps, camels, cows, etc. Considering socio-cultural background, Jesus was likely put into such manger (Luke 2: 7, 12, 16) in 1 BC century.

Moreover, the newborn were oiled and wrapped by thick cloths around his body. Oil and the swaddling cloths kept the newborn warm.

Gospel also tells that the shepherds saw the infant Jesus wrapped in swaddling clothes on Christmas Eve at around midnight to 2 a.m. This implies there was a light source, i.e. fire / fireplace, in the cave. And, fireplace warmed the air in the cave.

Pada waktu antara tengah malam hingga 2 malam, di dalam gua, bukan di alam bebas, para gembala dapat mengenai Yusuf, Maria, dan Isa/ Yesus serta kain lampin yang membebatnya. Ini mengindikasikan ada api/ perapian yang jadi sumber penerangan itu. Api bukan hanya menerangi gua, tapi juga menghangatkan gua dan mengusir hawa dingin.
In between midnight to 2 a.m, in a cave, the shepherds recognized Joseph, Mary, and Jesus as well as the swaddling clothes, as Gospel implies. These indicated that there was a light source(s) (fire/ fireplace) illuminating and warming the cave.

 

Conclusion

The swaddling clothes, a cave, and fire/ fireplace contributed to warm the newborn Jesus, that he survived in Bethlehem temperate on December 25 by night.


 Bibliography

1http://www.jesus.org/birth-of-jesus/bethlehem/was-jesus-born-in-a-cave.html; access April 27, 2015 19:15.

2Justin Martyr, “Dialog dengan Tripho”, Bab LXXVIII. http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/justinmartyr-dialoguetrypho.html; access April, 27, 2015 19:43

3http://www.sacred-destinations.com/israel/bethlehem-church-of-the-nativity; access April 27, 2015 20:04

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3) Why does Christmas Eve fall on December 24 night?

Question

Why does Christmas Eve fall on December 24 night?

Answer

Because Ancient Hebrew new day began at sunset, not midnight 12:00 pm; consequently, December 25 in ancient Hebrew time began at December 24 after sunset in modern time.

While our modern day begins at midnight 00:00, ancient Hebrew day began at sunset. Night time consisted of 12 hours, so did daylight time.

Loot at table below.

Ancient Hebrew Time Similarity in modern time
Hour Date Hour Date
Sunset 12 December 24 6 p.m. December 24
1 December 25 7 p.m. December 24
2 December 25 8 p.m. December 24
3 December 25 9 p.m. December 24
4 December 25 10 p.m. December 24
5 December 25 11 p.m. December 24
6 December 25 12 p.m. December 24
7 December 25 1 a.m. December 25
8 December 25 2 a.m. December 25
9 December 25 3 a.m. December 25
10 December 25 4 a.m. December 25
11 December 25 5 a.m. December 25
12 December 25 6 a.m. December 25
1 December 25 7 a.m. December 25
2 December 25 8 a.m. December 25
3 December 25 9 a.m. December 25
4 December 25 10 a.m. December 25
5 December 25 11 a.m. December 25
6 December 25 12 a.m. December 25
7 December 25 1 a.m. December 25
8 December 25 2 a.m. December 25
9 December 25 3 a.m. December 25
10 December 25 4 a.m. December 25
11 December 25 5 a.m. December 25
12 December 25 6 a.m. December 25

After sunset December 24, Christmas December 25 begins. 🙂


Bibliography

1http://www.theisraelofgodrc.com/Hebrew_Time_Chart.pdf; access May 24, 2015

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4) Why is the doctrine of the virgin birth so important?

Question

Why is the doctrine of the virgin birth so important?

Answer

Because it is identification that…

  1. Jesus is Messiah according to the prophecy of Isaiah 7: 14.

    14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. (Isaiah 7: 14)

    She was not only young women, but she was also virgin. Jesus birth from virgin Mary is a strong identification that Jesus is the Messiah (the Christ). If Mary were not virgin, Jesus would not be the Christ.

  2. Jesus is The God’s Word/ Wisdom who was sent by The God according to the prophecy of Isaiah 55: 11.

    So shall my Word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. (Isaiah 55: 11)

    This verse closely relates to John 1: 1-3 and John 17: 1-3, emphasizing that Jesus essence is The Word or The Wisdom of God, which is non-creature.

  3. Jesus was born without sinful nature, then he has potentials to not doing any sin. Jesus utilized at best his potential and, subsequently, Jesus does not make any sin. (1 Peter 2: 22).

    Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth (1 Peter 2: 22)

    Sinless nature only be possibly achieved by virgin birth without involving sperm, ovum, or any part of parent cells.

  4. Jesus flesh is woman-born human and creature.

    Concerning his “Son”1 Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh (Rome 1: 3)

 


Note

1Figurative word “Son” refers to The God’s Wisdom or The God’s Word.

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5) Why is virgin birth only mentioned in Matthew and Luke?

Disinformation

The virgin birth is only mentioned in Matthew (1:18) and Luke (1:26-35). It is mentioned in neither Mark nor John. Why virgin birth is only mentioned in Matthew and Luke? Why isn’t the virgin birth of Jesus mentioned by all four gospel writers? How can you believe in the virgin birth if it’s only mentioned in two of the gospels?

The Truth….

Disinformation in form of question above stands on false tacit assumption: there were 4 gospels. The assumption views Gospel as 4 separated 2-dimensional objects.

The truth is in opposition with the false assumption above. The truth is Bible mentions gospel in singular form. It means, there is only 1 Gospel recounted by four reporters standing on 4 standpoints or 4 points of view.

1 gospel recounted by 4 reporters.
1 gospel recounted by 4 reporters.

 

Each reporter has different angle and focused on different dimensions of 1 Jesus.

  • Matthew focused on Jesus kingship.
  • Mark focused on Jesus servitude.
  • Luke focused on Jesus humanity.
  • John focused on Jesus essence.

Regarding Jesus birth, they reported 1 reality from different angles as well.

  • Matthew reported from angle of “Joseph’s wife gave birth to Jesus when she was still virgin.”
  • Luke reported from angle of “Virgin Mary gave birth to Jesus”.
  • John reported from angle of “Jesus birth was The Word descended to the earth and made to flesh”, implying virgin birth, instead of natural fertilization.
  • Mark did not report Jesus birth because his account was aimed at Jesus disciples who personally know Jesus, including his birth, parent, and genealogy.

Besides, two witnesses are all that is necessary to confirm a matter (John 8: 17, Isaiah 8: 2, Deuteronomy 19:15).

It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true. (John 8: 17)

One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established (Deuteronomy 19: 15).

And I took unto me faithful witnesses to record, Uriah the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah. (Isaiah 8: 2)

 Witnesses of Jesus birth from 3 reporters  — Matthew, Luke, and John — were already meeting requirement.


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6) Was Jesus biblically born on December 25?

Question

Was Jesus biblically born on December 25? Is December 25 Jesus’ birthday?

Answer

YES.

  • 15th day of Tishri 3756 Hebrew Calendar
  • 26th day of September 6 BC Julian Calendar
Gabriel visited Zachariah in Succoth (Luke 1: 10-11), the day in which a whole nation gathered within and without Jerusalem Temple.

9 According to the custom of the priest’s office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord.
10 And the whole multitude of the people (λαος = nation) were praying without at the time of incense. (Luke 1: 10-11)

  • 16th day of Tishri 3756 evening Hebrew Calendar
  • 26th day of September 6 BC Julian Calendar
Zacharia departed to his house in Hebron as soon as the days of ministration were accomplished, implying he did not spend the night in Jerusalem (Luke 1:23). He eagerly convey the good news to his wife.

And it came to pass, that, as soon as the days of his ministration were accomplished, he departed to his own house. (Luke 1:23)

  • 16th day of Tishri 3756 morning Hebrew Calendar
  • 27th day of September 6 BC Julian Calendar
  1. Zacharia arrived at his house.
  2. Considering Jerusalem-Hebron distance and traveling time in the old time on foot over night without sleep, his old age, and a full day of service in the temple, he was exhausted.
  3. He took a rest along the rest of the day. Then, the fertilization did not happen in this day but the next day, i.e….
  • 17th day of Tishri 3756 Hebrew Calendar
  • 28th day of September 6 BC Julian Calendar
Elizabeth got pregnant.
  • 17th day of Nisan 3756 Hebrew Calendar
  • 25th day of March 5 BC
  1. Gabriel visited Mary.
  2. Mary got pregnant. (Luke 1: 26-27, 36)
  • 25th day of Tevet 3756 Hebrew Calendar
  • 25th day of December 5 BC Julian Calendar
Jesus born in Bethlehem (Luke 2: 6, 11, Matthew 1:25)

And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered (επλησθησαν αι ημεραι => give birth full-term infant). (Luke 2:6)

For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. (Luke 2:11)

And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS. (Matthew 1:25)

Christmas originated in Bible.

7) What year was Jesus Christ born?

Question

What year was Jesus Christ born?

Answer

5 BC Julian Calendar.

Hints include:

  1. Herod the Great reign (37 BC – 4 BC)
  2. After Emperor August issuing census (8 BC – ….)
  3. Quirinius hegemonized Syria and completed the census in the province (5 SM – 4 SM)
  4. Corrected Dionysius Exiguus calculation (5 BC)
Year of Jesus birth according to Bible and history
Year of Jesus birth according to Bible and history

Conclusion

Jesus was born in 5 BC Julian Calendar


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